Main Article Content
hydatidiform mole, gestational trophoblastic disease, Miscarriage , Histopathology, Basrah
Background Hydatidiform mole (HM) is a placental pathology, which is a form of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD). HM is classified into complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) and partial hydatidiform mole (PHM). The incidence of molar pregnancy varies according to the geographical area. It is found to be higher in developing countries. Age is a risk factor for developing HM. In this study, we aim to determine the frequency of hydatidiform mole among cases of early trimester evacuation specimens and its relation to patient's age at Basrah maternity and paediatric hospital and Al- Mosawi private hospital.
Patients and Methods This was a descriptive retrospective study for a four-year period; all cases of early trimester evacuation specimens were from January 1, 2017, to December 31, 2020. All specimens were fixed in 10% formalin and dehydrated in graduated alcohol, (5) micron thickness sections were obtained, stained with hematoxylin and eosin and examined, and cases of CHM, PHM and RPOG were analyzed.
Results A total of 216 evacuation specimens were examined, and the patients age ranged from 14–50 years. Among these, 78.2% of patients were between 20 and 30 years. The percentage of RPOC was 54.2%, while that of CHM was 19.4% and that of PHM was 26.4%. The maximum cases of complete and partial mole were in the 20–30 years age group.
Conclusions The frequency of HM was high compared to many other studies.
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