Burden of Care Among Caregivers of Patients with Schizophrenia in Baghdad City Burden of Care Among Caregivers of Patients with Schizophrenia in Baghdad City

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Jamal Abdulzahra Muzil
Numan S. Ali
Aqeel I. Alsabbagh
Zainab A. Kammad


caregiver burden, Schizophrenia, OBQ, Objective and subjective burden


Background: The family members of schizophrenic patients frequently report that caring for the patient imposes a great burden on them and hampers the typical structure and functioning of the family to the detriment of its members.
Objectives: To assess the level of the burden of care (objective and subjective) shouldered by the primary caregivers of schizophrenic patients and to determine the relationship between the objective and subjective level of such burdens.
Method: A descriptive analytical study was conducted on a purposive sample of 50 primary caregivers of schizophrenic patients who were hospitalized in Ibn-Rushd Psychiatric Teaching Hospital in Baghdad. The data were gathered utilizing self-administered questionnaires, namely, the objective burden questionnaire (OBQ), the subjective distress questionnaire (SDQ), and the self-reporting questionnaire (SRQ 20).
Results: It was revealed that the primary caregivers of schizophrenic patients experienced high levels of objective and subjective burdens. Significant differences were observed in the relationships between the objective and subjective burdens and between objective burdens and the SRQ 20 at p≤0.05 and p≤0.01, respectively.
Conclusions: Schizophrenia affects the interactions and routine among family members much more substantially than their income and leisure.

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