Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Regarding Mammography Among Women in Baghdad City, Iraq Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Regarding Mammography Among Women in Baghdad City, Iraq

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Taqi Mohammed Jwad Taher
Thamer Al Hilfi
Hasanain Faisal Ghazi


Mammography, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Iraq


Background: A low-dose X-ray mammogram is considered the most useful tool for detecting early-stage breast cancer among women. Both mortality and morbidity prove to be reduced when cancer is detected early, before any signs and symptoms appear. This study aims to determine the knowledge level, attitude, and practice of women at general hospitals/consulting clinics in Baghdad city in 2017.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 657 women in general hospitals/consulting clinics in Baghdad. The women were selected as an improbability sample. Their average age was between 20 and 59 years. Data collection extended from 1st April to the end of July 2017. A pre-tested questionnaire was adopted and filled through a face-to-face interview. Data were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics.
Results: The sociodemographic features of the participant women showed a mean age of 37.6 ± 11.3 years with a majority of them (71.1%) having no education and 34.6% being of high social class. More than half of the women (61.2%) had heard of mammography, and this is significantly related to age and social class (< 0.001). Only 7.6% had adequate knowledge on mammography according to the American Cancer Society (ACS) recommendations, and the women with adequate practice of mammography had higher knowledge scores than those with inadequate practice.
Conclusion: The study results suggested that the practice of breast cancer screening or mammography was inadequate in a majority of the participants and needs to be improved.
Keywords: Mammography, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Iraq

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